Dangers of prescription pain medications

Dangers of prescription pain medications

Prescription pain medication

Many diseases, injuries and surgical procedures involve different kind of pain. Different type pain medication is required according to the type of pain. Prescription pain medicines are normally for moderate and severe pain like trauma, surgery, rheumatoid arthritis or cancer. Other painful conditions like back pain, labor pain, urinary tract infections and fibromyalgia also require prescription pain relievers to tackle with pain. Strong prescription painkillers are called as opioids. These are formed to react on the nervous system same as the drugs derived from opium poppy. The most and popular abused opioids are hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone, meperidine and propoxyphene. Prescription pain medications involve powerful drugs. These drugs influence the nerve signals of nervous system transmission by which we receive pain. Most of the prescription pain medications stimulate those portions of the brain which are associated with pleasure to block the pain. These drugs bind to opioid receptors of spinal cord, brain and other areas of the body. They reduce the pain messaging to brain and decrease the feeling of pain. These medications treat the painful conditions which do not respond properly to other pain relievers.

Dangers of prescription pain medications

Usually, every pain reduction medicine has some side effects but if it is used carefully under the guidance of qualified physician, these are most effective to reduce pain. Pain management involves the use of pain medication combined with nutritious food intake and adequate sleep. Some of the most effective pain medications may lead to big risk of addiction and physical dependency. Prescription pain medicines are at a high risk of being abused. These may even lead to accidental overdose that may be fatal.

All pain relieving drugs carry risks but narcotics carry highest risk of addiction. Mostly, physician prescribes to take pain reliever medicine only when you feel intolerable pain. These drugs should not be taken more than 3 months unless your doctor directs you. Use of prescription pain medicines with some other prescription drugs like antidepressants, cough syrups or antihistamines etc can cause dangerous respiratory failure.

Commonly known dangers of these medicines are:

  • Impaired judgment
  • Constipation, vomiting, nausea
  • Risk of gastrointestinal bleeding and ulceration
  • Liver damage in alcohol consumers
  • Respiratory depression
  • Lower heart rate and blood pressure, Risk of heart attack
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Blurred vision, Hallucinations, agitation
  • Muscular contractions and rigidity, Local tissue damage
  • Headache, Chest pain
  • Nightmares, Nervousness
  • Unexplained palpitations
  • Fatigue, Weight gain
  • Sweating, Sleep trouble, Dry mouth
  • Osteoporosis, Bone death, Muscle spasm
  • Immune system suppression

Withdrawal symptoms are seen when you stop taking medicines. That includes insomnia, mood swings, yawning, restlessness, craving or strong desire for medicine, diarrhea etc. to prevent these symptoms doctor suggest to decrease the dosage gradually. Addictive behavior effects of prescription pain drugs are drug cravings, inability to control use of drug etc.


While you are on medication keep in touch with your doctor and be careful about the response of drug in pain reduction, side effects and proper intake of drug. When you are on medication do not abuse them, mix them with alcohol or illegal drugs. Prescription pain medication requires correct intake and proper directions of the doctor otherwise it may cause disastrous health problems along with pain eradication.


Disclaimer: Results may vary from person to person due to lifestyle, healthy eating, body type and dedication to the program. No individual result should be seen as typical. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.